Geography of NizamabadWith an average elevation of 395 meters or 1296 feet, city has geographical coordinates of 18.41° N and 78.6° E. The district is bounded on the East by Jagtial and Karimnagar, on the north by Nirmal, on the South by Kamareddy and on the West it shares boundaries with Nanded of Maharashtra state. The city has geographical area of 67 square kilometers and is divided into three zones, namely Nizamabad North, Nizamabad South and Nizamabad Rural Division. The Godavari River enters Telangana at Kandhakurthi from Nizamabad district.
The district has good road, rail and air connectivity enabling anyone to reach here easily. There are well laid asphalt roads in all villages and towns here connecting to the district city. There are two National Highways passing through Nizamabad, namely NH44 and NH16. There are frequent buses operating here from different major cities around. Nizamabad Railway Station is a major railway station that is located on the Secunderabad-Manmad section of Hyderabad Division of the South Central Railway Zone. All towns in the district have a good rail network coverage. The nearest airport to the city is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport which is located around 144KM from here.
History of NizamabadOriginally the city was known as Indur in the name of king Indradatta who had ruled this region during 5th Century A.D. The city of Nizamabad was founded in 1905 when Nizam's Dominion were recognized. 'Nizam' stands for the head or governor of the state and 'Abad' means 'Long Live'. The Nizam of Hyderabad ruled over the Deccan region during 18th century. Nizamabad was a part of the princely state of Hyderabad in 1724 AD and continued to be part of Nizam's dominions till 1948. After Indian Independence, armed forces ended the rule of Nizams under Operation Polo. Nizamabad became a separate district in 1876 when Salar Jung-I, then prime minister, reorganized the Hyderabad districts. The city is named after the fourth Nizam of Hyderabad state, Nizam ul Mulk. Nizam Sagar dam was constructed here in 1923 across the Manjira River during the reign of last Nizam. The dam irrigates 250,000 acres of land in Nizamabad district.
Culture of NizamabadThe city has a diverse culture with majority of the population being Hindus and Muslims. There are different festivals celebrated here including Holi, Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Telugu and Urdu are the major languages spoken here, however Hindi and English are also used for communication by people. Despite being the fact that city has people from different religious communities, it is known for the harmony and cultural amalgamation. The city's culture enriched a lot under the patronage of Nizams. The city is popular for Nizamabadi cuisine that is enjoyed by tourists visiting here. It comprises of rice, wheat and meat dishes. Other popular dishes that one can enjoy here are Hyderabadi Biryani, Tahari, Harees and Haleem.
The city is quite hot in summer season and records maximum temperature of 46 °C while the temperature goes down to 5 °C in winter season. Maximum rainfall in the region is received in the months of June to October, the best time to visit being October to March. The district had a population of 1,571,022 per census of 2011. The city boasts about good literacy rate and sex ratio.
Economy of NizamabadThe economy of Nizamabad mainly thrives on industries and private businesses. The main source of income for most of the families is government jobs here. Government has set up industrial parks here in rural areas like Sarangpur and Nehru Nagar after the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Nizam Sugar Factory is situated here which was the biggest sugar factory in Asia during the reign of Nizams along with a major spice park. City is the largest producer of rice in the state and there are many rice mills located here mostly in the Khanapur region. City has seen a boom in real estate in the recent years. There are many high rise apartments and modern commercial complexes being built in the city.
Tourism in NizamabadThere are many well-known tourist destinations in and around Nizamabad that are popular among tourists. One can witness the rich cultural heritage of Nizams by visiting these places. With its diversified culture, one can be sure to get fascinated by its multiple tourist attractions.
Situated on south west of the city, Nizamabad Fort was built by Rashtraputa Kings in the 10th century. It was captured by Asaf Jahis who were Nizams of Hyderabad who rebuilt the fort. The fort is situated on a hilltop at an altitude of about 300 meters. The fort has been rules by different dynasties from time to time. There is a temple of Lord Rama here that was built by Chatrapathi Shivaji, the famous Marathi ruler. The temple has huge corridors, mundaps and the mahamundaps that are awe-inspiring. Archaeological and Heritage Museum was opened here in October 2001 which is a must visit for anyone. The museum is located in the Tilak Garden premises and is opened seasonally. There are various artifacts and antiquities representing the evolution of human civilization from Paleolithic to Vijayanagara Empire housed in the museum. There are three sections inside the museum, namely Archaeological Section, Sculptural gallery and Bronze & Decorative gallery. One can also see different varieties of arms, weapons and Bidri articles exhibited here.
It is a park and famous tourist destination located around 13 KM from Nizamabad and 2 KM off the Nizamabad-Bodhan road. Spread across a lavish area of 33 acres, it has a deer park, trekking and water sports facility. There is also a hilltop guest house built by Nizam that is under renovation currently since 2015.
Situated in Jankampet area around 7 KM from centre of the city, it is a park, lake and famous tourist destination. There is a beautiful rock garden here with illuminated rocks and boating facilities that are enjoyed by tourists.
It is one of the oldest Muslim pilgrim centers that was built in the memory of Hazrat Syed Hussaini. The Dargah is built on the top of a hillock and located around 38 KM from the city.
Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary
It is a forest and wild life sanctuary located between the districts of Nizamabad and Medak. It is situated adjacent to Pocharam Lake and hence the name. The sanctuary is spread across an area of 130 square kilometers. Formerly, it used to be hunting ground for the Nizam and was declared a wildlife sanctuary in the 20th century. There is a variety of wildlife here including leopard, wolf, chital, sloth bear, sambar, jackal and peacock. The watchtower in the forest offers an excellent view of the forest and Pocharam lake.
Nizam Sagar Dam
The dam is built across River Manjeera, one of the tributaries of River Godavari. It was built in 1923 and today serves the drinking needs of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. It is considered as one of the biggest dams in the world. There is a beautiful garden here and one can also indulge in swimming & boating here. There are lodging facilities available here and it is common among people to spend a relaxed day here in serene atmosphere.
This is an ancient temple located in the Kanteshwar colony of Nizamabad. The temple has stunning architecture that draws attention of anyone. There is artwork here on walls and pillars representing marvelous architectural history. The temple is over 500 years old and was built by Satakarni II, a famous Satavahana king for the Jains. Later during Kakatiya period, temple was converted as a Shiva temple. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, temple gains the name of Neelakanteshwara due to the presence of blue throat of Lord Shiva. The temple witnesses a massive gathering here every year during Rathasapthami and Shivratri.
There are many other places here that attract tourists. While Nizamsagar Lake provide a picturesque view with garden and boating facilities, Basar Temple & Sarangpur Temple are best places to visit for religiously inclined people. The Kentu Masjid here is a popular mosque among the Muslim community.
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